Catalan modernism

At the end of the 19th century (this period has a separate name and meaning in French “fin de siecle”), several trends in the visual arts appeared, such as symbolism, decadence, secession or art nouveau or Jugendstil and modernism. Unlike the general concept of modernism, this trend at the end of the century has a limited territorial character and is more precisely known as “Catalan (Catalan) modernism”. Its greatest representative and one of the greatest artists in this style is Antonio Gaudi (1852-1926), other famous names are Luis Dominek and Montaner (1850-1923) and Josep Puig and Catafalch (1867-1956). The style is characterized by extreme individualism, isolation of intellectuals from bourgeois values ​​and, as a result, elitism dominates. The style is dominated by curved surfaces and lines, rich decoration and details, organic motifs, dynamic shapes are used, asymmetry dominates and refined aesthetics is achieved. The style is influenced by neo-Gothic tendencies, especially in Gaudi’s works.

Details from Gaudí’s Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, begun in 1882. It is expected to be completed in 2026. The church is directly subordinated to the symbolism of the Catholic liturgy
General view of Gaudí’s Sagrada Familia
Gaudí’s Casa Batllo, 1877

Casa Amatler and Batlo on and Josep Puig and Katafalh, 1898
Casa Fuster by Luis Dominek and Montaner
Catalan Music Hall in Palau by Luis Dominec and Montaner, 1905
The Hospital of the Holy Cross in Barcelona by Luis Domenech and Montaner, 1901-1930

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