Futurism

A style that emerged in the early 20th century as a reaction to architectural historicism. It is characterized by long linear shapes, suggesting speed, effort and movement. The movement was founded by the Italian poet Filippo Marinetti, who wrote the Futurist Manifesto in 1909. The architect Antonio Sant Elia (1888-1916) transformed futuristic concepts into an urban form, but only as projects.

Two projects of Sant Elia

Futurism was revived in the years after World War II, introducing into architecture the pursuit of space, high speeds. Big names, not tied to a specific architectural style, but having built their own styles such as the Brazilian Oscar Niemeyer, use the principles of neo-futurism in some of their buildings.

William Pereira University of California Library, 1965

Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa spread their style throughout the city. The city of Brazil is the new capital, built in 1956 in a deserted place in the center of the country. The city is a model of new urban planning and construction, where each element is subordinated and harmonized with a general idea from the detail to the planning scheme of the city, which has the shape of a flying bird.

The building of the National Congress in the city of Brazil

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