Organic Architecture and Frank Lloyd Wright

In 1939, the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) wrote the book Organic Architecture. Although the idea came from his teacher Louis Sullivan, who formulated the idea as early as 1890, based on evolutionary biology, Wright consciously realized the principles of organic architecture. He says he is heavily influenced by the Japanese concept of earthquake construction. The Japanese do not oppose the earthquake, but follow it. This concept, applied in architecture, means harmony with nature and the use of natural materials. The building, Wright says, must be a product of the specific environment in which it is built. Below is his famous winter residence in Taliesin:

The following illustrations are from his program for organic architecture, Fallingwater, built as Edward Kaufman’s residence in Pennsylvania in 1934. Wright is a follower of Lao Tzu and says in imitation of the Chinese sage: “It is not the walls and windows that make up the building, but the empty space they form. ” The result of this way of thinking is the typical for Eastern architecture approach elements of the external environment of the building to enter the interior of the premises.


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